The history of Castellina in Chianti is dating back to Etruscan period. This people settled down in the countryside of Castellina in Chinati in the fifth century b.C. and the Cumulo di Montecalvario, still visible today, and the Necropolis of Rest are proof.
Since Middle age Florence and Siena have been the focus of several important historical events and Castellina in Chianti, thanks its strategic position, becames a garrison of Florence; for this reason Castellina in Chianti became a part of Lega del Chianti.
As there are constant battles between these two cities, the village was fortified by the hexagonal stone walls still visible today. The birth of the community of Castellina in Chianti dates from the end of the Chianti League.
The symbol of this area is a Black Cock and its origin derived from a legend.
The legend tells that to end the war of conquest of this territory, the republics of Siena and Florence settled a race between two knights. They would had to leave at the rooster crows. The people of Siena took a white rooster and gave him much food to make it sing louder. The people of Florence chose a black rooster leaving fasting. The black cock, hungry and exhausted, he anticipated the rising of the sun with a very strong song. The knight of Florence went before and this allowed him to get ahead in the area of Fonterutoli in Castellina in Chianti.
The Church of San Salvatore
History and religion
The original building dates back to the Middle Age (XVI century), but the church as we see it today, in Romanesque Revival style, was rebuilt and expanded after World War II on a three naves.
Inside there is a fresco depicting the Madonna Enthroned, it attributed to Bicci di Lorenzo (1373-1452) and there is also a Renaissance wooden statue, dedicated to St. Barnaba the ex patron Saint of Castellina in Chianti.
Via delle Volte
A strange street
The historic centre of Castellina in Chianti, dates back at Middle Ages is charming and unique.
If you go around in the historical centre you cannot avoid seeing Via delle Volte
the most particular and characteristic of the whole village. This street was originally a "pomerium", a public area of archaic origin adjacent to the walls used for sacred and military purposes.
The necropolis of Poggino
The Etruscans in Chianti region
The necropolis of Poggino is located near Fonterufoli, 3 km far away from the centre of Castellina in Chianti. The necropolis is on top of a hill and it was used as a cemetery from an Etruscan community lived in this area since the end of the seventh century to the fifth century b.C.