Castellina in Chianti

Our village

Castellina in Chianti

The history of Castellina in Chianti is dating back to Etruscan period. This people settled down in the countryside of Castellina in Chinati in the fifth century b.C.  and the Cumulo di Montecalvario, still visible today, and the Necropolis of Rest are proof.

Since Middle age Florence and Siena have been the focus of several important historical events and Castellina in Chianti, thanks its strategic position, becames a garrison of Florence; for this reason Castellina in Chianti became a part of Lega del Chianti.

As there are constant battles between these two cities, the village was fortified by the hexagonal stone walls still visible today. The birth of the community of Castellina in Chianti dates from the end of the Chianti League.

The symbol of this area is a Black Cock and its origin derived from a legend.

The legend tells that to end the war of conquest of this territory, the republics of Siena and Florence settled a race between two knights. They would had to leave at  the rooster crows. The people of Siena took a white rooster and gave him much food to make it sing louder. The people of Florence chose a black rooster leaving fasting. The black cock, hungry and exhausted, he anticipated the rising of the sun with a very strong song. The knight of Florence went before and this allowed him to get ahead in the area of Fonterutoli in Castellina in Chianti.

The Fortress of Castellina in Chainti

The heart of the village

This magnificent fortress, which now houses inside the municipal offices, was built in  fifteenth century. The main attractions of this palace are: the atrium, the council chamber, the Captain's room, the courtyard and the well.

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The Church of San Salvatore

History and religion

The original building dates back to the Middle Age (XVI century), but the church as we see it today, in Romanesque Revival style, was rebuilt and expanded after World War II on a three naves.

Inside there is a fresco depicting the Madonna Enthroned, it attributed to Bicci di Lorenzo (1373-1452) and there is also a Renaissance wooden statue, dedicated to St. Barnaba the ex  patron Saint of Castellina in Chianti.

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Via delle Volte

A strange street

The historic centre of Castellina in Chianti, dates back at Middle Ages is charming and unique.
If you go around in the historical centre you cannot avoid seeing Via delle Volte
the most particular and characteristic of the whole village. This street was originally a  "pomerium", a public area of archaic origin adjacent to the walls used for sacred and military purposes.

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Montecalvario and the Etruscans

The Etruscan tomb at Montecalvario

The Etruscans lived in our lands many centuries ago and today we have the fortune, thanks to expert archaeologists, to see the important and valuable historical remains of this extraordinary people.

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The necropolis of Poggino

The Etruscans in Chianti region

The necropolis of Poggino is located  near Fonterufoli, 3 km  far away from the centre of Castellina in Chianti. The necropolis is on top of a hill and it was used as a cemetery from an Etruscan community lived in this area since the end of the seventh century to the fifth century b.C.

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